|S. No.||Book Title||Author/Editor||Publisher||Year||Page|
|NC-1||Himalayan Households: Tamang Demography and Domestic Processes||Fricke, Thomas E.||Delhi: Book Faith India||1993||227|
|NC-2||Tales of the Yeti||Lall, Kesar||Kathmandu: Pilgrim Book House||1998||24|
|NC-3||The Thakali: A Himalayan Ethnography||Vinding, Michael||London: Serindia Pub.||1998||470|
|NC-4||The Thakhlis, Bon Dkar & Lamaist Monasteries* Along the Kali Gandaki||Rai, Ratan Kumar||Delhi: Book Faith India||1994||144|
|NC-5||Nepal Social Demography & Expressions||Gurung, Harka||Kathmandu: New Era||1998||211|
|NC-6||Tribal Ethnography of Nepal Vol I||Gautam, Rajesh & Asoke Thapa-Magar||Delhi: Book Faith India||1994||380|
|NC-6||Tribal Ethnography of Nepal Vol II||Gautam, Rajesh & Asoke Thapa-Magar||Delhi: Book Faith India||1994||369|
|NC-7||Origins and Migrations: Kinship, Mythology and Ethnic Identity among the Mewahang Rai of East Nepal||Gaenszle, Martin||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||2000||216|
|NC-8||The Gurngs||Pign?de, Bernard||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1993||523|
|NC-9||Mountain Population Pressure||Ahmad, Aijazuddin et al||New Delhi: Vikash Pub||1990||316|
|NC-10||Sherpa of Khumbu||Brower, Barbara||Delhi: Oxford University Press||1994||202|
|NC-11||Resunga the Mountain of the Horned Sage||Ed. Ramirez, Philippe||Lalitpur: Himal Books||2000||304|
|NC-12||Himalayan Pilgrimage: A Study of Tibetan Religion by a Traveller through Western Nepal||Snellgrove, David L||Boston & Shaftesburg: Shambhala||1989||304|
|NC-13||Hidden Wealth: The Survival Strategy of Foraging Farmers in the Upper Arun Valley, Eastern Nepal||Daniggelis, Ephrosine||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||1997|
|NC-14||An Encounter with the Yeti and Other Nepali Stories||Lall, Kesar||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||2002||72|
|NC-15||Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal||Chhetri, Ram B, and Gurung, Om||Kathmandu: Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal||1999||372|
|NC-16||The Rulings of the Night: An Ethnography of Nepalese Shaman OralTexts||Maskarinec, Gregory||Nepal: Mandala Book Point||2000||276|
|NC-17||Peculiar Customs and Rites of the Himalayan People||Sharma, D. D||New Delhi: Mittal Pub||2000||174|
|NC-18||Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's Tamang||Holmberg, David H||Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press||1989||265|
|NC-19||People of Nepal||Bista, Dor Bahadur||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||2000||218|
|NC-20||Sherpa: Reflections on Change in Himalayan Nepal||Fisher, James E||Delhi: Oxford University Press||1997||205|
|NC-21||Nationalism and Ethnicity in a Hindu Kingdom||Ed. Gellner, David N et al||Amsterdam: Overseas Pub Association||1997||623|
|NC-22||Trans-Himalayan Traders: Economy, Society & Culture in Northwest Nepal||Fisher, James F.||Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Pub||1997||232|
|NC-23||Nepal AAMA: Life Lessons of aHimalayan Woman||Coburn, Broughton||New Delhi: Adarsh Books||2000||155|
|NC-24||Land and Social Change in East Nepal||Caplan, Lionel||Lalitpur: Himal Books||2000||235|
|NC-25||The Sherpas of Nepal in the Tibetan Cultural Context||Paul, Robert A||Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass Pub||1989||347|
|NC-26||The Lapcha of Nepal||Schwerzel, Jeffrey et al||Kathmandu: Udaya Books||2000||51|
|NC-27||Lha Phewa: The Thakali 12-year Festival||Vinding, Michael||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1992||99|
|NC-28||The Culture and Religion of Limbus||Subbo, Chaitanya||Kathmandu: K. B.Subba||1998||334|
|NC-29||A Re-Discovered History of Gorkhas||Khanduri, Chandra B||Delhi: Gyen Sagar Pub||1997||306|
|NC-30||Warrior Gentlemen "Gurkhas" in the Western Imagination||Caplan, Lionel||Providence: Berghahn Books||1995||181|
|NC-31||Muktinath: Himalayan Pilgrimage, A Cultural & Historical Guide||Messerschmidt, Don||Nepal: Sahayogi Press||1992||79|
|NC-32||The Land of the Sherpas||Maillart, Ella||Delhi: Book Faith India||1998||61|
|NC-33||Tunsuriban: Shamanism in the Chepang of Southern and Central Nepal||Riboli, Diana||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||2000||257|
|NC-34||High Religion: A Cultural and Political History of Sherpa Buddhism||Ortner, Sherry B.||Delhi: Motilal Banarasisass Pub||1992||245|
|NC-35||Mesocosm: Hinduism and the Organization of a Traditional Newar City in Nepal||Levy, Robert I||Delhi: Motilal Banarasisass Pub||1992||829|
|NC-36||Nepal: Main ethnic Caste Groups by Districts Based on Population Census 1991|
|NC-37||Faith Healers in the Himalaya: An Investigation of Traditional Healers and their Festivals in the Dolakha District of Nepal||Miller, Casper J||Delhi: Book Faith India||1997||287|
|NC-38||Asian Commitment||Snellgrove, David||Bangkok: Orchard Press||2000||587|
|NC-39||Dolpo: The Hidden Paradise||Sakya, Karna||New Dwlhi: Nirala Pub||1995||237|
|NC-40||Exploratory Travels in Highland Nepal||Furer-Haimendorf, Christoph von||New Delhi: Sterling Pub||1989||176|
|NC-41||Rhythms of a Himalayan Village||Downs, Hugh R.||Delhi: Book Faith India||1996||228|
|NC-42||Valour: A History of the Gurkhas||Smith, E. D||Woodstock: The Overlook Press||1998||178|
|NC-43||Four Lamas of Dolpo: Tibetan Biographies||Snellgrove, Davod L||Kathmandu: Himalayan Book||1992||302|
|NC-44||The Gurkhas||Northey, W. Brook & Morris, C. J||New Delhi: Cosmo Pub||1987||282|
|NC-45||Spirit Possession in the Nepal Himalayas||Ed. Hitchcock, John T & Jones, Rex L||New Delhi: Vikash Pub||1994||401|
|NC-46||Buddhist Himalaya: Travels and Studies||Snellgrove, David||Kathmandu: Himalayan Book||1995||344|
|NC-47||Lore and Legend of the Yeti||Lall, Kesar||Delhi: Book Faith India||1999||89|
|NC-48||Once A Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education and National Integration in Nepal||Ragsdale, tod A||New Delhi: Vsha Pub||1989||252|
|NC-49||Himalayan Dialogue: Tibetan Lamas & Gurung Shamans in Nepal||Mumford, Stan Royal||Kathmandu: Tiwari's Pilgrims Book House||1990||286|
|NC-50||Essays on the Ethnology of Nepal and South Asia||Macdonald, Alexander||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1987||147|
|NC-50||Essays on the Ethnology of Nepal and South Asia Vol 1||Macdonald, Alexander||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1983||317|
|NC-51||The Gurkhas||Parker, John||London: Headline Book Pub||1999||276|
|NC-52||Chiwong: Mani Rimbu||Krishna S. Neupane||2002||36|
|NC-53||Kids of Khumbu: Sherpa Youth on the Modernity Trail||Luger, Kurt||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||2000||128|
|NC-54||Gurungs of Nepal: A Guide to the Gurungs||Macfalane, Alan & Gurung Indrabehadur||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1992||70|
|NC-55||Yeti Accounts: Snowman's Mystery & Fantasy||Panday, Ram Kumar||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1994||97|
|NC-56||Sherpa Architecture||Sestini, Valerio et al||Paris: UNESCO||1978||78|
|NC-57||The Land of the Gurkhas||Northey, W. Brook||New Delhi: Asian Educational Service||1998||248|
|NC-58||Tales of the Turquoise: A Pilgrimage in Dolpo||Jest, Corneille||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||1993||194|
|NC-59||Anthropology of Nepal: Peoples, Problems and Processes||Ed. Allen, Michael||Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point||1994||459|
|NC-60||The Kulunge Rai: A Study in Kinship and Marriage Exchange||McDougal, Charles||Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar||1979||169|
|NC-61||Sacred Mountains of the World||Bernbaum, Edwin||Berkeley: University of California Press||1997||291|
|NC-62||Mani Rimdu Nepal||Fantin, Mario||New Delhi: The English Book Store||1976||170|
|NC-63||Nepal||Ziegler, Wolfgang||New Delhi: Himalayan Books||1988||64|
|NC-64||My Quest for the Yeti: Confronting the Himalayas' Deepest Mystery||Messner,Reinhold||Pan Books||2000||169|
The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. Its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.
Dance and music
Legends state that dances in this country originated in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas, where he performed the tandava dance. This indicates that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient and unique. With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the costumes. The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements. Accompanying music and musical instruments change in tune with the themes, which revolve around topics like harvesting of crops, marriage rites, war stories, a lonely girl’s yearning for her love, and several other themes and stories from everyday life in the villages. The famous Tharu stick dances, and the crazy peacock dance are two highlights, but there are plenty of other surprises. Expect to be invited to join in the dancing, as the evening reaches its climax.
As per the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal's linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and indigenous. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri(6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%) Kirat-Sunuwar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, .
Nepali, written in Devanagari script, is the official national language and serves as lingua franca among Nepalese ethno-linguistic groups. Extinct languages of Nepal include Kusunda, MaWalinga and Waling
Religions and philosophy of Nepal
The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population being Hindu. Buddhism was practiced by about 11% of the population (although many people labelled Hindu or Buddhist often practice a syncretic blend of Hinduism, Buddhism, and/or animist traditions). About 3.2% practice Islam and 3.6% of the population follows the indigenous Kirant religion. Christianity is practiced officially by less than 0.5%.
Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than two millennia. In Lumbini, Buddha was born, and Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu, is an old and famous Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal has several other temples and Buddhist monasteries, as well as places of worship of other religious groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, works of Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur, and tantric traditions. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.
Festivals and celebrations
Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. As a predominantly Hindu and Buddhist nation, most of the Nepalese festivals are religious ones. The festivals of Nepal have their roots in Hinduism as 82% of the population of the country is Hindu. Buddhism, the second-largest religion of the nation which accounts for 9% of the population, has influenced the cultural festivals of Nepal. Dashain or Dusshera is the longest and the most important festival of Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is "a day of Victory over Demons". The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Diwali, Holi, Saraswati Puja, Rakshabandhan, Bhai Dooj, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Gai Jatra, Nag Panchami, Teej, Chhath, Kartik Poornima, Maghe Sankranti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivratri and Chhechu are other widely celebrated important festivals of Nepal. New Year's Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs in November. Several Jatras took place throughout the year and public holidays are declared in some regions.
Other important festivals include Buddha Purnima (the celebration of the birth of Buddha)Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and during Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume excessive drinks and smoke charas.Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world.
Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of special foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.
The Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition.
Architecture and archeology
Nepal Sampada Sangha (Nepal Heritage Society) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archeological sites in Nepal outside Kathmandu Valley.
Kabbadi and Dandi Biyo are national games of Nepal. But now people love cricket, basketball and football as well in Nepal. For more information, read Sports in Nepal
Nepal has been a member of the International Federation of Basketball (FIBA) since 2000 and is FIBA Asia's youngest member. Yet, its national team has already established itself as a regional presence as it won two bronze medals at the SABA Championship.
Procession of Nepali Pahadi Hindu Wedding;
Procession of Nepali Hindu Wedding;
Nepali Pahadi Hindu marriage at Narayan gadh, Chitawan
marriage is very important part of the life. in nepal most of the youth or people doing arrange marriage because of its verity of culture and traditional. nepal is the most loveable country all over the world.