Essay About Nepali Culture Magar

Nepali Culture

S. No.Book Title Author/EditorPublisher YearPage
NC-1Himalayan Households: Tamang Demography and Domestic ProcessesFricke, Thomas E.Delhi: Book Faith India1993227
NC-2Tales of the YetiLall, KesarKathmandu: Pilgrim Book House199824
NC-3The Thakali: A Himalayan EthnographyVinding, MichaelLondon: Serindia Pub.1998470
NC-4The Thakhlis, Bon Dkar & Lamaist Monasteries* Along the Kali GandakiRai, Ratan KumarDelhi: Book Faith India1994144
NC-5Nepal Social Demography & ExpressionsGurung, HarkaKathmandu: New Era1998211
NC-6Tribal Ethnography of Nepal Vol IGautam, Rajesh & Asoke Thapa-MagarDelhi: Book Faith India1994380
NC-6Tribal Ethnography of Nepal Vol IIGautam, Rajesh & Asoke Thapa-MagarDelhi: Book Faith India1994369
NC-7Origins and Migrations: Kinship, Mythology and Ethnic Identity among the Mewahang Rai of East NepalGaenszle, MartinKathmandu: Mandala Book Point2000216
NC-8The GurngsPign?de, BernardKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar1993523
NC-9Mountain Population PressureAhmad, Aijazuddin et alNew Delhi: Vikash Pub1990316
NC-10Sherpa of KhumbuBrower, BarbaraDelhi: Oxford University Press1994202
NC-11Resunga the Mountain of the Horned SageEd. Ramirez, PhilippeLalitpur: Himal Books2000304
NC-12Himalayan Pilgrimage: A Study of Tibetan Religion by a Traveller through Western NepalSnellgrove, David LBoston & Shaftesburg: Shambhala1989304
NC-13Hidden Wealth: The Survival Strategy of Foraging Farmers in the Upper Arun Valley, Eastern NepalDaniggelis, EphrosineKathmandu: Mandala Book Point1997 
NC-14 An Encounter with the Yeti and Other Nepali StoriesLall, KesarKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar200272
NC-15Anthropology and Sociology of NepalChhetri, Ram B, and Gurung, OmKathmandu: Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal1999372
NC-16The Rulings of the Night: An Ethnography of Nepalese Shaman OralTextsMaskarinec, GregoryNepal: Mandala Book Point2000276
NC-17Peculiar Customs and Rites of the Himalayan PeopleSharma, D. DNew Delhi: Mittal Pub2000174
NC-18Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's TamangHolmberg, David HIthaca and London: Cornell University Press1989265
NC-19People of NepalBista, Dor BahadurKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar2000218
NC-20Sherpa: Reflections on Change in Himalayan NepalFisher, James EDelhi: Oxford University Press1997205
NC-21Nationalism and Ethnicity in a Hindu KingdomEd. Gellner, David N et alAmsterdam: Overseas Pub Association1997623
NC-22Trans-Himalayan Traders: Economy, Society & Culture in Northwest NepalFisher, James F.Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Pub1997232
NC-23Nepal AAMA: Life Lessons of aHimalayan WomanCoburn, BroughtonNew Delhi: Adarsh Books2000155
NC-24Land and Social Change in East NepalCaplan, LionelLalitpur: Himal Books2000235
NC-25The Sherpas of Nepal in the Tibetan Cultural ContextPaul, Robert ADelhi: Motilal Banarasidass Pub1989347
NC-26The Lapcha of NepalSchwerzel, Jeffrey et alKathmandu: Udaya Books200051
NC-27Lha Phewa: The Thakali 12-year FestivalVinding, MichaelKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar199299
NC-28The Culture and Religion of LimbusSubbo, ChaitanyaKathmandu: K. B.Subba1998334
NC-29A Re-Discovered History of GorkhasKhanduri, Chandra BDelhi: Gyen Sagar Pub1997306
NC-30Warrior Gentlemen "Gurkhas" in the Western ImaginationCaplan, LionelProvidence: Berghahn Books1995181
NC-31Muktinath: Himalayan Pilgrimage, A Cultural & Historical GuideMesserschmidt, DonNepal: Sahayogi Press199279
NC-32The Land of the SherpasMaillart, EllaDelhi: Book Faith India199861
NC-33Tunsuriban: Shamanism in the Chepang of Southern and Central NepalRiboli, DianaKathmandu: Mandala Book Point2000257
NC-34High Religion: A Cultural and Political History of Sherpa BuddhismOrtner, Sherry B.Delhi: Motilal Banarasisass Pub1992245
NC-35Mesocosm: Hinduism and the Organization of a Traditional Newar City in NepalLevy, Robert IDelhi: Motilal Banarasisass Pub1992829
NC-36Nepal: Main ethnic Caste Groups by Districts Based on Population Census 1991
Gurung, Harka
 199416
NC-37Faith Healers in the Himalaya: An Investigation of Traditional Healers and their Festivals in the Dolakha District of NepalMiller, Casper JDelhi: Book Faith India1997287
NC-38Asian CommitmentSnellgrove, DavidBangkok: Orchard Press2000587
NC-39Dolpo: The Hidden ParadiseSakya, KarnaNew Dwlhi: Nirala Pub1995237
NC-40Exploratory Travels in Highland NepalFurer-Haimendorf, Christoph vonNew Delhi: Sterling Pub1989176
NC-41Rhythms of a Himalayan VillageDowns, Hugh R.Delhi: Book Faith India1996228
NC-42Valour: A History of the GurkhasSmith, E. DWoodstock: The Overlook Press1998178
NC-43Four Lamas of Dolpo: Tibetan BiographiesSnellgrove, Davod LKathmandu: Himalayan Book1992302
NC-44The GurkhasNorthey, W. Brook & Morris, C. JNew Delhi: Cosmo Pub1987282
NC-45Spirit Possession in the Nepal HimalayasEd. Hitchcock, John T & Jones, Rex LNew Delhi: Vikash Pub1994401
NC-46Buddhist Himalaya: Travels and StudiesSnellgrove, DavidKathmandu: Himalayan Book1995344
NC-47Lore and Legend of the YetiLall, KesarDelhi: Book Faith India199989
NC-48Once A Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education and National Integration in NepalRagsdale, tod ANew Delhi: Vsha Pub1989252
NC-49Himalayan Dialogue: Tibetan Lamas & Gurung Shamans in NepalMumford, Stan RoyalKathmandu: Tiwari's Pilgrims Book House1990286
NC-50Essays on the Ethnology of Nepal and South AsiaMacdonald, AlexanderKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar1987147
NC-50Essays on the Ethnology of Nepal and South Asia Vol 1Macdonald, AlexanderKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar1983317
NC-51The GurkhasParker, JohnLondon: Headline Book Pub1999276
NC-52Chiwong: Mani Rimbu Krishna S. Neupane200236
NC-53Kids of Khumbu: Sherpa Youth on the Modernity TrailLuger, KurtKathmandu: Mandala Book Point2000128
NC-54Gurungs of Nepal: A Guide to the GurungsMacfalane, Alan & Gurung IndrabehadurKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar199270
NC-55Yeti Accounts: Snowman's Mystery & FantasyPanday, Ram KumarKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar199497
NC-56Sherpa ArchitectureSestini, Valerio et alParis: UNESCO197878
NC-57The Land of the GurkhasNorthey, W. BrookNew Delhi: Asian Educational Service1998248
NC-58Tales of the Turquoise: A Pilgrimage in DolpoJest, CorneilleKathmandu: Mandala Book Point1993194
NC-59Anthropology of Nepal: Peoples, Problems and ProcessesEd. Allen, MichaelKathmandu: Mandala Book Point1994459
NC-60The Kulunge Rai: A Study in Kinship and Marriage ExchangeMcDougal, CharlesKathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar1979169
NC-61Sacred Mountains of the WorldBernbaum, EdwinBerkeley: University of California Press1997291
NC-62Mani Rimdu NepalFantin, MarioNew Delhi: The English Book Store1976170
NC-63NepalZiegler, WolfgangNew Delhi: Himalayan Books198864
NC-64My Quest for the Yeti: Confronting the Himalayas' Deepest MysteryMessner,ReinholdPan Books2000169

The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. Its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.

Dance and music[edit]

Legends state that dances in this country originated in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas, where he performed the tandava dance. This indicates that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient and unique. With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the costumes. The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements. Accompanying music and musical instruments change in tune with the themes, which revolve around topics like harvesting of crops, marriage rites, war stories, a lonely girl’s yearning for her love, and several other themes and stories from everyday life in the villages. The famous Tharu stick dances, and the crazy peacock dance are two highlights, but there are plenty of other surprises. Expect to be invited to join in the dancing, as the evening reaches its climax.

Languages[edit]

As per the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal's linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and indigenous. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri(6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%) Kirat-Sunuwar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, .[1]

Nepali, written in Devanagari script, is the official national language and serves as lingua franca among Nepalese ethno-linguistic groups. Extinct languages of Nepal include Kusunda, MaWalinga and Waling

Religions and philosophy of Nepal

The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population being Hindu. Buddhism was practiced by about 11% of the population (although many people labelled Hindu or Buddhist often practice a syncretic blend of Hinduism, Buddhism, and/or animist traditions). About 3.2% practice Islam and 3.6% of the population follows the indigenous Kirant religion. Christianity is practiced officially by less than 0.5%.

Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than two millennia. In Lumbini, Buddha was born, and Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu, is an old and famous Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal has several other temples and Buddhist monasteries, as well as places of worship of other religious groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, works of Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur, and tantric traditions. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.

Festivals and celebrations[edit]

Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. As a predominantly Hindu and Buddhist nation, most of the Nepalese festivals are religious ones. The festivals of Nepal have their roots in Hinduism as 82% of the population of the country is Hindu. Buddhism, the second-largest religion of the nation which accounts for 9% of the population, has influenced the cultural festivals of Nepal. Dashain or Dusshera is the longest and the most important festival of Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is "a day of Victory over Demons". The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Diwali, Holi, Saraswati Puja, Rakshabandhan, Bhai Dooj, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Gai Jatra, Nag Panchami, Teej, Chhath, Kartik Poornima, Maghe Sankranti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivratri and Chhechu are other widely celebrated important festivals of Nepal. New Year's Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs in November. Several Jatras took place throughout the year and public holidays are declared in some regions.

Other important festivals include Buddha Purnima (the celebration of the birth of Buddha)[2]Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and during Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume excessive drinks and smoke charas.[3]Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world.

Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of special foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.

The Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition.

Architecture and archeology[edit]

Nepal Sampada Sangha (Nepal Heritage Society) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archeological sites in Nepal outside Kathmandu Valley.[4]

Sports[edit]

Kabbadi and Dandi Biyo are national games of Nepal. But now people love cricket, basketball and football as well in Nepal.[5] For more information, read Sports in Nepal

Basketball[edit]

Nepal has been a member of the International Federation of Basketball (FIBA) since 2000 and is FIBA Asia's youngest member. Yet, its national team has already established itself as a regional presence as it won two bronze medals at the SABA Championship.

Gallery[edit]

  • Procession of Nepali Pahadi Hindu Wedding;

  • Procession of Nepali Hindu Wedding;

  • Nepali Pahadi Hindu marriage at Narayan gadh, Chitawan

marriage is very important part of the life. in nepal most of the youth or people doing arrange marriage because of its verity of culture and traditional. nepal is the most loveable country all over the world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Senior offering Dashain Tika on great Nepali Hindu festival at a traditional home
Nepali traditional Pahadi dress used for dance
Procession of Nepali Hindu Wedding; Groom being carried by a bride brother or relatives
Senior offering Dashain Tika to junior
Costumed Hindu girls of Kathmandu during festival time in Nepal
A 1905 painting of Nepalese woman

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