Research Workshop Writing An Argumentative Essay

Presentation on theme: "Writing an Argumentative Essay"— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing an Argumentative Essay

2 What is an Argumentative Essay?
GoalYour Argumentative Essay will:The goal of an argumentative essay is to change the reader’s point of view, to bring about some action on the reader’s part, or to ask the reader to accept the writer’s explanation of an issue.Present your claimUse unbiased evidence from the text

3 2.) Textual evidence 3.) Counter-arguments Elements of Argument
1.) A claim2.) Textual evidence3.) Counter-arguments

4 A claim is an opinion that can be supported by textual evidence.
What is a claim?A claim is an opinion that can be supported by textual evidence.Example:“Exercise leads to a healthier lifestyle.”

5 Textual EvidenceTextual evidence is evidence taken directly or indirectly from an article, textbook, or other source. Your evidence must come from the assigned articles.Example:I-Min Lee’s team discovered that “people who engaged in 15 minutes a day of moderate physical activity minimized their risk of heart disease by 14% as compared to inactive people.”

6 What is a counter-argument?
When you counter-argue, you consider a possible argument against your opinion or some aspect of your reasoning. * Your essay must include the counter-argumentYou will have one brief body paragraph that will state your counter-argument.Example:“Some argue that eating a healthy, balanced diet has a greater impact on health than physical activity. While a healthy diet is essential, increasing physical activity will be more beneficial for overall health.

7 Lead/Attention- Getter
The lead/attention –getter should “hook” the reader. You want him/her to be interested in what you are writing.An interesting questionA quoteA shocking statistic“Push-ups, jumping jacks, and jogging…oh my!”“Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.”

8 Structure of Argumentative Essay
IntroductionLead-in/HookBackground InformationThesis StatementBody Paragraphs1st Reason supporting claim2nd Reason supporting claim3rd Reason supporting claim*optional/need for ExemplaryCounterargument**brief paragraphConclusionRestate thesis in different termsCall to action/closing insight

9 Thesis StatementThe purpose of the thesis statement is to state your claim and provide reasons.Example:“Even a small amount of daily physical activity improves energy levels, reduces risk of heart disease, and increases life expectancy.”

10 Topic SentenceThe topic sentence should be the first sentence of each body paragraph.If you have two points in your thesis statement you will have two body paragraphs, each beginning with a topic sentence.You will have one brief body paragraph that will state your counter-argument.The topic sentence should cover what the body paragraph will mainly be about.“ Exercise can improve energy levels.”

11 Transition wordsWords or phrases used to connect one idea to the next, both within paragraphs and in-between paragraphs.Examples: In the first place, as well as, similar, additionally, although, however, at the same time, besides, unlike, in the hope that, in order to, in general, for example, to emphasize, specifically, as a result, therefore, as shown above, as can be seen, in conclusion, overall, after all, in fact, for the most part, eventually, meanwhile, to begin with, and finally.

12 Concluding paragraph Restates the thesis in different terms
Summarizes all major claimsIncludes a call to action/action stepsCall to Action example:“Individuals should dedicate a few minutes of each day to physical activity, and they will see positive results.”

13 Formal WritingWriting that is done for school or professional purposes should always be in a formal register. This mean that you should NOT use any of the following:Slang – ain’t, gonna, ‘cause, etc.Abbreviations or Symbols – b/c, w/, &, +Text Speak – LOL, OMG

14 Objective ToneIn formal writing, you need to avoid using first-person and second-person personal pronouns. In more simple terms, no “I”, “me”, “my”, “you”, or “your”.The reader already knows that this is your writing. Therefore, you do not need to use statements such as “in my opinion”, “I think”, “I believe”, or “according to what I have read”.

15 ExamplesWrong – In my opinion, physical activity is necessary for good health.Right – Physical activity is necessary for good health.Wrong – You need to exercise.Right – People need to exercise.Wrong – You might think that eating well is enough, but I think that you have to exercise.Right – Some may think that eating well is enough, but exercise is also necessary.

Which statement is an example of a claim for an argumentative essay?

The economic benefits of hosting the Olympic Games far outweigh any costs.

What is the purpose of the body paragraphs in an argumentative essay?

They provide reasons and evidence to support the claim.

To write an argumentative essay, it would be helpful to include

persuasive language.

The introduction of an argumentative essay must include a

thesis statement.

After creating the conclusion of an argumentative essay, a student should

revise the draft.

When should a writer change a draft to improve the choice of words?

during revising only

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A writer should __ to organize ideas for an argumentative essay.

create an outline

When should a writer include transitions to connect ideas?

during drafting or revising

Which are strong sources of evidence for an argumentative essay? Check all that apply.

news articles
official reports
encyclopedia articles
a government website

What is the claim in an argumentative essay?

It is the writer’s opinion or idea about a topic.

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